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1. An introduction to English teaching

In this unit, you will be covering the following points:

  • patterns of communication
  • basic learning styles.

You will also have 2 quizzes to complete.

An introduction to English teaching

Before delivering your first classes, you must be able to identify the different patterns of communication and the different types of learners that you are likely to encounter in the classroom.

Patterns of Communication

There are two main approaches: teacher-centred methods vs. student-centred communication. What are the communication techniques involved and how do you create a lesson plan for either a teacher- or student-centred communication class?

Using a variety of patterns of communication can help you change the dynamics of a class. Varying your approach and input will make you more adaptable to your students and improve the general participation levels and atmosphere.

When communication is teacher-centred, the teacher is generally more in control. The teacher in this case plays the dominant role, deciding on the topic or course of action, deciding on who participates, and when.

When the approach is student-centred, you will notice that your students tend to feel free to practise with the language, whether working in small groups or larger groups, enabling them to control over the choice of topic, and whom they wish to talk to. Using the language in this more personalised way can also enable the students to practise speaking more.

In order to appreciate the effects these patterns of communication have on our students and how they participate in class, let’s see some more practical examples of these patterns are how they shape the way students use and learn the language:

  • individual work
  • group work / pair work
  • open-ended teacher questioning
  • closed-ended teacher questioning
  • full-class interaction
  • choral response
  • lecture
  • homework / e-learning

Watching the short video montage below will help you understand the different categories above-mentioned:

Finding the balance between being relaxed or overbearing with your students and how this enables you to teach effectively is also paramount. So let’s now see how the approaches mentioned above can be adapted to the different learning styles below.

Different Basic Learning Styles

Your understanding of your students’ profile and their learning style must take into account the basic learning styles:

  • Visual (spatial)
  • Aural (auditory-musical)
  • Verbal (linguistic)
  • Physical (kinaesthetic)

Watch the short video montage below to further understand the different categories above-mentioned:

Key Words and Definitions of this Unit:

  • Teacher-centred methods = teacher decides on the topic or course of action
  • Student-centred communication = student in control over the choice of topic, and whom they wish to talk to.
  • Patterns of learning: individual work / group work / pair work / open-ended teacher questioning / closed-ended teacher questioning / full-class interaction / choral response / lecture / homework / e-learning
  • Basic learning styles: Visual (spatial) / Aural (auditory-musical) / Verbal (linguistic) / Physical (kinaesthetic)

Download the Lecture memo here: Basic Learning Styles – TEFL Trainer

Please complete the following 2 quizzes in order to conclude this unit:

Introduction to English Teaching Quiz

and

Quiz on Different Basic Learning Styles


1 Comment

  • Karina Mariana Sturtz Posted August 25, 2020 5:21 pm

    I started the Different Basic Learning Styles quiz and was interrupted that’s why the time is so long. Sorry!

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