Glossary from G to K

G

Gender: Feminine and masculine. I.e.: feminine subject personal pronoun: she.
Gerund: A form that is derived from a verb but that functions as a noun, in English ending in –ing. I.e. Skiing is his favourite winter sport.
Grammar: The rules of the structure of a language.

H

I

Idiom: Idiomatic Language refers to many words or phrases that are a familiar and everyday feature of our language. Generally, idioms are difficult to understand because their meaning is very different from the literal meaning of the words that make them up, e.g. No way! He is a pain in the neck!
IELTS: International English Level Testing System.
Indefinite: cf. lesson on Articles or Determiners.
Infinitive: A form of a verb without tense and often introduced by “to”, i.e. to learn…
Inflexion: The way words can change their form to show, for example, that they are singular or plural, to show their tense or indicate possession, i.e.: Walter‘s cat. / The cats in the neighbourhood…
-ING Form: Also known as Present Participle. I.e.: cleaning, watching, learning…
Input (Teacher – or Student – ): Teacher feedback or student involvement in material choice or development. For instance, in a business English class there should be good student input – so as to understand the filed worked in, the tasks of each role etc. so as for the teacher to then adapt the course material to the student’s/students’ needs.
Intonation: The rise and fall of the voice in speaking: she spoke English with a German intonation.

IPA: International Phonetics Alphabet.

J

K


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